The Tree - Person Sheet
The Tree - Person Sheet
NameJames Oliver
Birth25 Jul 1805, Holsworthy, Devon, England.
Death1 Apr 1886
Burial3 Apr 1886, Te Henui Cemetery, Row14 Lot 3 Plot 01
OccupationFarmer
FatherJohn Oliver (1774-1852)
MotherGrace Brayley (1774-1860)
Misc. Notes
James (b.1805) was 22 when his father, in 1827, took up tenancy of Boyton Mills, Devon, England. It is not known whether James and Ruth actually lived there because they were possibly already married, their first child, Mary, being born in the December 1826.

James emigrated to New Zealand, with Ruth and six children, arriving in New Plymouth on 3rd September 1841 on the barque “Amelia Thompson”.

Dax Eric Clayton Lloyd born 25 April 1969 advises James was Christened 14 July, 1805 in Holsworthy, Devon, England:

From www.familysearch.org
Christening: 14 JUL 1805 Holsworthy, Devon, England
Parents:
Father: JOHN OLIVER
Mother: GRACE
Messages:
Extracted birth or christening record for the
locality listed in the record. The source records are
usually arranged chronologically by the birth or
christening date.
Source Information:
Batch No.: C051131
Dates: 1563 - 1837
Source Call No.: 917146
Type: Film
Printout Call No.: 933430
Type: Film
Sheet: 00

Place of birth also confirmed by his Death Certificate - according to Rachel Frances Oliver born 31 August 1940. Brian of nzolivers.com is unsure about the date of birth in the July 1805?

Graeme Kenyon, whose great grandfather was James George Kenyon b.1861 (whose second wife was Ada Oliver b.1864, daughter of Samuel Oliver b.1833 AND whose whose sister, Florence Kenyon, married James William Oliver, son of Charles Oliver Oliver b.1843) notes that the Olivers lived at Woodleigh Farm in 1852 and quotes the Taranaki Herald of 29 September 1852:
“ON SALE
BY THE UNDERSIGNED
TWO STEERS in excellent condition. One 2 year old - the other 12 months. Apply to JAMES OLIVER, Woodleigh Farm”.

Graeme writes that the Woodleigh Farm was owned by William Cutfield King, the only son of Henry King. Capt. Henry King RN became New Plymouths first magistrate. William Cutfield King had been elected to Parliament, but was killed before the first session. Woodleigh Farm now makes up the New Plymouth suburb of Frankleigh Park, lying between Westown and Vogaltown and also near Carrington Road. The school is called, ‘Woodleigh School’.

Later, on 9th December 1858, James purchased a farm on Mangorei Road through a Crown Grant. Access was by Carrington Road which runs roughly parallel to Mangorei Road towards Mt Taranaki, then known as Mt Egmont. Carrington Road was a much better road than Mangorei Road in those days.

The Taranaki Herald of 14 August 1860 writes, “the the following homesteads have been found plundered: Messrs. Oliver’s….. In Oliver’s house the words “Nga Waikato” were found written upon the wall”.

James Oliver’s wife died on 4 September 1868.

The Mangorei Road was transferred to James' son, Francis in 1875 and remained in the Oliver's possession until 1917.

Graeme Kenyon writes that on 24 February 1880 James, now aged 74, had a narrow escape from being drowned. He quotes the Taranaki Herald of 25 February 1880 reports he was “coming along the side of the railway line between the beach and and Devon-street, and when near the bridge must have missed his footing and fell into the river, being unable to get out again”. “A young lady seeing him in that position told the police, when Constable Roach immediately went to his assistance, jumping into the river and holding the old man’s head out of the water till help arrived”. The Taranaki Herald goes on to say, “Had not the old man been seen at the time he was and Mr Roach so quickly gone to his assistance, he would certainly have been drowned; as it was it was some time before he recovered consciousness.

In 1885 Graeme writes that James’ youngest son Charles went to court with the intent to have a “Prohibition Order” placed on his father. It seems in his senior years and after the death of his wife, Ruth, he became rather find of string drink - so much so in fact that Charles began to worry that the family fortune was disappearing. The Order was not granted by the Court. The Taranaki Herald of 21 August 1885 reports the defendant said he, “had worked hard during his lifetime and saved money”. “He impoverished nobody by his indulgence, having money out at interest…” His Worship C E Rawson said , “the Defendant had not a wife and family to support, and the law does not cast upon anyone the duty of leaving money to his children”. The article ends amusingly that, “his worship jocularly remarked that if his own grown up family sought to limit his expenditure in such a way he would entirely forget to include their names in his last will and testament”.

A week later after the above court case, James was charged with being drunk in Brougham Street and fined 5 Shillings. On informing the judge that he was not drunk and would not pay, he was sentenced to 24 hours imprisonment.

Graeme writes, “sadly, the intractable old man passed away less than a year later.

Date and place of burial from New Plymouth District Council cemetery search on 12th November 2006.

Copy of death certificate with age when married was 25 years (which would of been ca 1930), and place of marriage from Joy (Margaret Joy) Nixon - nee Oliver, daughter of Leslie John Oliver. However, a handwritten note has marriage on 28 August 1826. The first child, Mary Ann, was born on 17 Dec 1826.

Died of Erysipilas (severe skin disease caused by streptococcus infection in surface and surrounding tissue, marked by continued spreading inflammation) - 6 days.

From Brian (of nzolivers.com) trip to New Plymouth February 2009, the Headstone at St Mary’s Churchyard, New Plymouth, New Zealand:
Row14 Lot 3 Plot 01:
Sacred
To
The Memory of
James Oliver
Who Died April 1st 1886
Aged 80 years
Also in memory of
Ruth
His beloved wife
Who died Sep 4th 1868
Aged 68 Years

Date of marriage of 28 August 1826 confirmed by photocopy of entry in “Marriages solemized in the Parish of Stoke-Damerel in the County of Devon, in the year of our Lord God, 1826”. This is from Peter (Pete) G M Dale of Toronto, Ontario, Canada who is related to the Olivers in Devon. Pete's great great great grandfather was John Batten (Battin) b. 1793, sister of Ruth Batten b. 1799 or 1800 who married James Oliver b.1805. Ruth and James emigrated to New Zealand in 1841.

In the marriage entry, the occupation of James here was, “Carpenter”. James Oliver signed the entry, Ruth left a mark, an “X”. Witnesses were Sarah Batten and Elizabeth ___. Was Sarah her brother John’s wife, Sarah nee Draper?

Below Brian of nzolivers has reproduced listings for James Oliver over four Electoral periods. Brian believes they are all this James Oliver. James died on the 1st April 1886. There are no further listings for James after the 1885-1866 roll.

Electoral Roll Information
Residence is New Plymouth although more than one Property Qualification. James’ farm in Mangorei Road was purchased through a Crown Grant dated 9th December 1858. The property remained in the Oliver's possession until 1917 - having been transferred to James' son, Francis in 1875. The original Deed identifies the farm as:
Section: 122
District: Omata
Under the modern Rapid Number street system, the property is: No. 1388 Mangorei Road

Electoral Roll for 1870-1871
New Zealand Electoral Roll - Electoral District of Egmont 1870-1871, found in July 2018:
Oliver, James, New Plymouth, Freehold, Omata 122 (James’ Mangorei Road farm. James turned 65 years of age in 1870)

New Zealand Electoral Roll - New Plymouth Electoral Roll 1870-1871, found in July 2018:
Oliver, James, New Plymouth, Freehold, Town 1999

Electoral Roll for 1875-1876
New Zealand Electoral Roll - Egmont 1875-1876, found in July 2018:
Oliver, James, freehold, New Plymouth, Omata 122 (James’ Mangorei Road farm. James turned 70 years of age in 1875)

New Zealand Electoral Roll - Grey and Bell 1875-1876, found in July 2018:
Oliver, James, New Plymouth, Freehold, Raleigh West 9 10 Block 24; Raleigh West 6; Block 73
[Raleigh township was 16 km north-east of New Plymouth and was established in 1867. In 1904 it was renamed Waitara after the river].

Electoral Roll for 1880-1881
New Zealand Electoral Roll - Egmont 1880-1881, found in July 2018:
Oliver, James, freehold, New Plymouth, Settler, Omata 122 (James’ Mangorei Road farm. James had transferred the farm to his son Francis in 1875 so interestimng he is still listed as qaulifying under this property. In the 1880-1881 Electoral Roll Francis is listed as a farmer, freehold, living in Mangorei).

New Zealand Electoral Roll - New Plymouth Electoral Roll 1880-1881, found in July 2018:
Oliver, James, freehold, New Plymouth, settler, Town 1999, 697, part (This must be James, turning 75 in 1880, definately living in town)

New Zealand Electoral Roll - Grey and Bell 1880-1881, found in July 2018:
Oliver, James, Freehold, New Plymouth, Settler, Raleigh West 9 10 Block 24; Raleigh West 6; Block 73

Electoral Roll for 1885-1886
New Zealand Electoral Roll - New Plymouth Electoral Roll 1885-1886, found in July 2018:
Oliver, James, freehold, New Plymouth, settler, Town 1999, 697, part (James living in town. James died 1 Apr 1886)

New Zealand Electoral Roll - New Plymouth Electoral Roll 1885-1886, found in July 2018:
Oliver, James, freehold, New Plymouth, settler, Raleigh West 9 10 block 24

Francis Oliver
In 1875 James transferred the farm to his son Francis. Electoral Roll entries for son Francis:
In the 1870-1871 Electoral Roll Francis is listed living in New Plymouth as a householder.
In the 1875-1876 Electoral Roll Francis is listed living in New Plymouth as a householder.
In the 1880-1881 Electoral Roll Francis is listed as a farmer, freehold, living in Mangorei, Tikorangi 36.
In the 1885-1886 Electoral Roll Francis is listed as a farmer, freehold, living in Mangorei, Tikorangi 36.
In the 1896 Electoral Roll Francis is listed as a farmer, freehold, living in Mangorei, section 22.
In the 1911 Electoral Roll Francis is listed as a farmer in Mangorei.

Jury Lists
Entries for “New Zealand, Jury Lists” 1855, 1856, 1856-1857, 1857-1858, 1859-1860, and 1860-1861
Oliver James, Carrington road, farmer

Post Office Directory
Entries in “Wise’s New Zealand Post Office Directory” for 1872-1873, 1878-1879, and 1883-1884
Oliver, James, Powderham street
Spouses
Birth12 Aug 1800, Pyworthy, Devon, England
Death4 Sep 1868, New Plymouth, New Zealand
BurialTe Henui Cemetery, Row14 Lot 3 Plot 01
FatherJohn Batten (1768-1839)
MotherJane Moore (1763-1855)
Marriage28 Aug 1826, Stoke-Damerel, Devonshire, England
ChildrenMary Ann (1826-1908)
 John (1830-1899)
 William (1831-1877)
 Samuel (1833-1907)
 James (Died as Child) (1835-1841)
 Matilda Robins (1836-1921)
 Francis (1840-1926)
 Charles (1843-1930)
Last Modified 26 Jul 2018Created 7 Mar 2020 using Reunion for Macintosh